Current Affairs – March 26, 2018

Current affairs banner March 26 2018 - Current Affairs – March 26, 2018

Chipko Movement turns 45 on 26th March

1cc 25 - Current Affairs – March 26, 2018
Chipko Movement refers to a nonviolent movement for conservation of forest. Started in the 1970s, Chipko Movement got its name from the way people embraced the trees to protect them from being cut. The original Chipko Movement dates back to the 18th century Rajasthan. A large group of people from the Bishnoi community resisted felling of trees by hugging them. The trees were being cut on the order of Jodhpur’s Maharaja. But soon after the movement, he gave a royal decree preventing cutting of trees in all Bishnoi villages. In modern India, Chipko Movement started in April 1973 in Uttar Pradesh’s Mandal village in the upper Alakananda valley. Soon it spread to other Himalayan districts of the state.
The Chipko Movement was triggered by a government decision to allot forest land to a sports goods company. The Chipko Movement, leaded by local women, was spearheaded by Chand Chandi Prasad Bhatt and his NGO Dasholi Gram Swarajya Sangh. Inspired by the success in Uttar Pradesh, the Chipko Movement spread to other parts of the country. Some of the key figures that were part of the Chipko Movement were Dhoom Singh Negi, Bachni Devi, Gaura Devi and Sudesha Devi. Gandhian activist Sunderlal Bahuguna gave a direction to the movement resulted in the ban on cutting trees.

UIDAI set to introduce face authentication feature from 1 July

2cc 25 - Current Affairs – March 26, 2018
The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) is all set to make face authentication available alongside iris or fingerprint scan as means of verifying Aadhaar users from 1 July 2018. The UIDAI, which is in-charge of the 12-digit identifier Aadhaar, in January had announced that it will introduce face authentication feature to help those who run into problems in biometric authentication due to old age, hard work or worn-out fingerprints. It had said that face authentication will be allowed only infusion mode meaning it would be permitted along with either fingerprint or iris or OTP to verify the details of Aadhaar holders.

‘Justice Clocks’ to soon start ticking in all 24 high courts

3cc 25 - Current Affairs – March 26, 2018
The Centre will soon install ‘Justice Clocks’ — LED message display boards — in all 24 high courts to show the daily rate of disposal of cases, the number of pending cases and the individual rank of each of these courts. The idea, floated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi last year, to create public awareness in judicial matters, is set to be later implemented in all subordinate courts across the country.
The aim is also to create a competition among the courts and also rank them according to performance when it comes to disposal of cases, junior law minister P P Chaudhary said. A model of this ‘clock’ was first installed in the Delhi office of the justice department, which comes under the law ministry, last year. Apart from highlighting citizen-centric services, the clock installed in the capital’s Jaisalmer House provides information on district and subordinate courts.

West Bengal tops the list of states with most number of beggars

4cc 25 - Current Affairs – March 26, 2018
Begging in India has been an age-old issue. Country’s poor, who are usually unable to get jobs, have to take up begging for earning a livelihood. The government has come out with the total number of beggars in the country. As per the data released by Union ministry of Social Justice, there are around 4 lakh beggars in total. The highest number of beggars, 81,000, are in West Bengal. Lakshadweep, a union territory, has only two people begging for their livelihood.
West Bengal is followed by Uttar Pradesh and Bihar at number two and three respectively. The figures were given by Social Justice Minister Thawar Chand Gehlot in a written reply to Lok Sabha. As per the minister’s statement, a total number of 4,13,670 beggars are residing in India, including 2,21,673 males and 1,91,997 females beggars in the country. The data, based on 2011 census, says female beggars outnumber their male counterparts in the states of West Bengal, Assam, and Manipur.

Ex-NCERT director JS Rajput nominated to UNESCO Executive Board

5cc 25 - Current Affairs – March 26, 2018
The Ministry of Human Resource Development has nominated former NCERT director JS Rajput as India’s representative to the Executive Board (EXB) of UNESCO, the ministry said in a statement.
Rajput, who was awarded the Padma Shri in 2014, recently completed a project aimed at achieving religious amity through education and is also known for regulating the B.Ed correspondence courses as the first chairman of NCTE and for starting the innovative two-year B.Ed course.
He has been awarded the Maharishi Ved Vyas award by the Madhya Pradesh government for his contributions in the education sector.

Sebastian Vettel steals Australian Grand Prix victory from Lewis Hamilton

6cc 25 - Current Affairs – March 26, 2018
Sebastian Vettel made full use of the virtual safety car to sneak in front of Lewis Hamilton and hold off the frustrated champion to win Formula One’s season-opening Australian Grand Prix on Sunday. The Mercedes engine’s infamous ‘party mode’ that delivered Hamilton a blistering pole lap on Saturday could do little once Ferrari’s Vettel nosed ahead when re-entering from pit-lane midway through the race at Albert Park.
Pole-sitter Hamilton had appeared set to coast to victory with a clear pace advantage but the race turned on its head with the safety car, which was called after Romain Grosjean’s Haas failed and rolled to a stop at turn two. In another bonus for Ferrari, Kimi Raikkonen finished third, fending off Red Bull’s Daniel Ricciardo and leaving the unlucky Australian still searching for a first podium in his home race. Four-time world champion Vettel claimed a 48th overall win and his third in Melbourne following his victories at Albert Park last year and in 2011.

Junior Shooting World Cup: 15-year-old Anish Bhanwala secures India’s third individual gold

7cc 25 - Current Affairs – March 26, 2018
Anish Bhanwala, the 2018 Emerging Player of the Year at the third Mahindra Scorpio Times of India Sports Awards (TOISA), climbed atop the podium in the men’s 25m Rapid Fire Pistol Junior event at the ISSF Junior World Cup Rifle / Pistol / Shotgun in Sydney, Australia on 26th March. Bhanwala, 15, first qualified for the final with the highest score, then prevailing over two of his teammates and over three Chinese participants.
On the team podium, China secured the gold medal and set a new Junior World Record with 1733 points, while India’s Bhanwala, Anhad Jawanda, and Adarsh Singh took silver. The bronze medal was awarded to a second Indian team, composed by Sandhu, Japtyesh Singh Jaspal, and Mandeep Singh. Bhanwala, who was placed 7th in this event at the ISSF World Cup Stage 1 in Guadalajara (MEX), earlier this month — led the match since its very first stage, as he was the only shooter able to nail a perfect 5-hit series during the whole final.

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